The association of brain tumor and hydrocephalus in the patient managed with craniotomy and ventriculoperitoneal shunt – The single-centre study
OBJECTIVE: To determine frequency of hydrocephalus in brain tumor perioperative and and need of perment VP shunt .
METHOD & MATERIAL: This was descriptive study, the ethical approval was taken from the hospital, study duration from 24-June-2014 to 30-september-2020 at JPMC, Karachi. Inclusion criteria were patient with brain tumor associated with hydrocephalus or postoperatively developed hydrocephalus within 3months of surgery and exclusion criteria were they had shunted previously due to some other reason, history of operation of brain tumor previously, history of trauma.
RESULTS: We operated 156 cases of brain tumor concomitant with hydrocephalus, these included pre-operative and post-surgery development of hydrocephalus, out of that 65 (41.6%) were adult and 91 (58.33%) were children, who had hydrocephalus due to brain tumor. 90 (57.6%) were male and 66(42.3%) were female. The mean age for an adult was 34.2±8years and 8.1±4years was for a pediatric population of the patient. Patients who had preoperative hydrocephalus were 34 (21.7%) adults and 55(35.25%) pediatric and post-operative development of hydrocephalus was 28 (17.9%) in adults and 41 (26.28%) pediatric patients,
CONCLUSION: The common brain tumor associate with hydrocephalus in children was craniopharyngioma and in adults it was CP angle tumor. Among 6026 cases of brain surgeries 2.6% required vp shunt dependency. Considering common cause of hydrocephalus in brain tumors, perioperative decision-making plays a pivotal role in the management of tumour-associated hydrocephalus.
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