Total and Near Total Composite Lower Eyelid Defect Reconstruction with Glabella Flap: An Excellent Option with Limited Donor Site Availability

  • Muhammad Omar Afzal Jinnah Burn and Reconstructive Surgery Center, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Yawar Sajjad Jinnah Burn Center
  • Kamran Khalid Jinnah Burn and Reconstructive Surgery Center, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Moazzam Nazeer Tarar Jinnah Burn and Reconstructive Surgery Center, Lahore, Pakistan
Keywords: Eyelid Reconstruction

Abstract

Background/Objective: Traumatic loss of the lower eye lid is usually combined with the paucity of adjacent flaps to reconstruct composite defects. We describe the use of Glabellar flaps with composite or cartilage graft to reconstruct total or near total composite lower eyelid defects and its outcome.

Material and Methods: This case series was done from January 2017 to December 2019. Patients of either gender, with unilateral post traumatic partial or full thickness lower eyelid defect of 75% eyelid loss or more and Glabellar flap as only remaining option to reconstruct the anterior lamella were included. Patients with medial, lateral canthi, upper eyelid and injuries to orbital contents were excluded. The outcome was assessed on follow-up by the presence of epiphora, ectropion, lagophthalmos, obstruction of vision, graft infection/ extrusion, lower lid retraction, donor site scarring and the need for flap debulking.

Results: 12 patients were operated for lower eyelid defects. 2 (16.7%) patients had total loss of eyelid, while 10 (83.3%) had near total loss, 7 (58.3%) patients presented with partial thickness loss of the eyelid, while rest presented with full thickness loss. 1 patient (8.3%) presented with epiphora, similarly 1 (8.3%) had obstruction of vision in down gaze and 1 (8.3%) had conjunctivitis. None had any other complaint.

Conclusion: Glabellar flap together with composite or cartilage graft is an excellent option to reconstruct total or near total composite lower eyelid defects.

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Published
2021-01-01
Section
Original Article