Experience with Ventriculoatrial Shunt

A Valid Option.

  • Muna Saleh Alnamlah Department of Neurosurgery, King Fahd University, Dhahran, KSA.
  • Muhammad Sohail Umerani Senior Specialist Neurosurgeon, Department of Neurosurgery, King Fahd Military Medical Complex, Dhahran,
  • Amjad Abdel Qader Darwish Consultant Neurosurgeon, Department of Neurosurgery, King Fahd Military Medical Complex, Dhahran, KSA
  • Muhammad Shamoon Umerani Al Hussan International Schools, Jubail, KSA
  • Asad Abbas University hospital Coventry and Warwickshire https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3752-058X
Keywords: Ventriculoatrial (VA) shunt, Ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt, shunt obstruction.

Abstract

Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) diversion through shunting, either internal or external, is the standard of care for hydrocephalic patients. Although Ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt is always the first choice, right atrium for Ventriculoatrial (VA) shunt is considered a suitable and convenient option for drainage of excess CSF in patients with history of abdominal surgeries, peritoneal infection or shunt obstruction.1 Here we are reporting our experience with a patient who underwent VA shunt insertion because of a previous malfunctioning VP shunt. A thorough review of the literature revealed that, although reported worldwide, there is an apparent deficiency of similar reports from Arabian Gulf region. Through this case report, we aim to shed light on this internal CSF diversion method, which could be considered in centers lacking advanced care facilities for procedures like Endoscopic 3rd Ventriculostomy (ETV).

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Published
2021-01-01
Section
Case Reports