Patterns, Frequency and Gender Dominance in Paediatric Neuro-trauma in a Tertiary Care Hospital in Peshawar
Objective: To determine the patterns, frequency and gender dominance in pediatric trauma presenting to Neurosurgery Department in a tertiary care hospital.
Material and Methods: This retrospective study was conducted in Department of Neurosurgery, Lady Reading Hospital, Peshawar. The medical records of all patients (0 – 15 years) with trauma admitted in our unit were analyzed retrospectively.Demographic details of the included subjects were noted down.
Results: A total of 448 patients were included in our study; 308 males and 140 females. Patients with 0 – 5 years were 40%, 6 – 10 years were 38% and 11 – 15 years were 22%. Extradural hematoma (28.12%) preceded depressed skull fracture (20.08%), followed by linear fractures (17.85), subdural hematoma (7.58%), contusions (5.80%) and subarachnoid hemorrhage (5.35%). Patients with diffuse axonal injury accounted for about 4.91%. Only 2 cases of cervical injury were noted.
Conclusion: The number of boys was comparatively greater than girls. Most of the patients were in the age group of 0 – 5 years. Ratio of extradural hematoma was the highest among all the injuries.
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