Intracranial CT Scan Findings in the Patients of Head Injury: An Early Experience at Dera Ghazi Khan Teaching Hospital

  • IQBAL AHMAD Departments of Neurosurgery D. G. Khan Medical College & Hospital, D. G. Khan
  • MUHAMMAD HASSAN RAZA Department of Neurosurgery, Lahore General Hospital (LGH), Lahore
  • AHMAD ABDULLAH Departments of 1Neurosurgery D. G. Khan Medical College & Hospital, D. G. Khan
  • SAMIA SAEED Anatomy, Lahore General Hospital (LGH), Lahore
Keywords: Computed Tomography

Abstract

Introduction:  Head injury patients constitute a major number to any trauma emergency. Every head injury patient whose level of consciousness seems to alter, must be checked for brain injury. With the help of Computed Tomography (CT), Radiological evaluation has experienced a drastic change because it precisely explores the location and nature of lesion(s).

Material and Methods:  This study included 408 patients that were admitted to the emergency of Teaching Hospital Dera Ghazi Khan, from October 2017 to September 2019. In this study, the location as well as nature of lesions were evaluated with the help of CT.

Results:  CT results expressed that there was skull fracture (28.4%), extra dural hematoma (20.6%), diffuse intra cerebral hematoma (18.6%), brain contusions (18%), subdural hematoma (5.9%), diffuse axonal injury (DAI) (4.4%), subarachnoid hemorrhage (2.5%) and pneumocranium (1.5%). It was also noted that the males having age group between 20 – 35 years were mostly involved in head trauma and the reason for this was a road accident.

Conclusion:  CT scan explained the location and nature of brain and skull lesions.

Keywords:  Computed Tomography (CT), Road Accident, Head Trauma.

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Published
2020-09-25
Section
Original Article