Pattern of Skull Fractures and Its Outcome in Pediatric Head Injury Patients
Objective: Skull fractures are common in pediatric age group. The surgical management of paediatric patients with a skull fracture differs among institutions and surgeons. Our object of this study was to assess the pattern of skull fractures and outcome in paediatric population.
Material and Methods: This study was conducted in the department of neurosurgery of a tertiary care hospital from June 2018 to April 2020. We included 152 children between ages 5 to 11 years who were brought with the head trauma and diagnosed to have skull fracture on computerized tomography (CT) Scan brain.
Results: The mean age of patients was 6.91 + 1.84 years. There were 59.8% males and 40.1% females. The most common type of fracture at presentation was depressed fracture in 42% patients, followed by linear (35%) and compound fractures (23%). Parietal fractures were the commonest (63.1%) in our study. Associated intracranial hematomas were seen in 37.5% patients, epidural hematoma being the most common. Surgically treated patients were 36%. Good recovery was seen in 73% patients while mortality was 10.5%.
Conclusion: Isolated skull fractures are overall benign conditions. Linear parietal skull fractures have good outcome amongst all fracture types.
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