Computerized Tomographic Based Study of Thoracic Spine Morphology in Relevance to Pedicle Screw Fixation in Pakistani Population

  • Waqas Noor Chughtai Bakhtawar Amin Medical College and Hospital, Multan – Pakistan
  • Muhammad Adeel Razzaque Bakhtawar Amin Medical College and Hospital, Multan – Pakistan
  • Tanveer Ahmad Bakhtawar Amin Medical College and Hospital, Multan – Pakistan
  • Sumera Nighat Bakhtawar Amin Medical College and Hospital, Multan – Pakistan
  • Rahila Tahir Bakhtawar Amin Medical College and Hospital, Multan – Pakistan
  • Bashir Ahmad
Keywords: Thoracic spine, Computerized tomography, Morphology, Pedicle screw fixation


Objective: To study the thoracic spine anatomy for accurate placement of pedicle screws using computerized tomography.

Material and Methods: CT scans of 200 patients were included in our study. T1 to T12 vertebrae morphology was studied for each patient. Following measurements were taken, 1: Transverse pedicle width, 2 = Depth of anterior cortex along pedicle axis, 3 = Transverse pedicle angle, 4 = canal dimensions, 5 = vertebral body height anterior and posterior, 6 = mid vertebral body width.

Results:  Transverse pedicle width decreased from T1 (4.06 ± 0.50 mm) to T4 (3.72 ± 0.17 mm) and then gradually increases to T12 (6.08 ± 0.60 mm). Depth of the anterior vertebral cortex remained constant from T1 to T4 and gradually increases up to T12. Transverse pedicle angle remained constant from T1 to T4 with a maximum at T4 (23.39 ± 3.15 mm) and then gradually decreased to T12 (3.99 ± 2.16 mm). Anteroposterior (AP) canal dimensions were minimum at T7 (17.03 ± 1.01 mm) and maximum at T2 (21.2 ± 1.07 mm). Interpedicular (IPD) canal dimensions were minimum at T6 (19.18 ± 1.6 mm) and maximum at T3 (23.18 ± 1.2 mm). Anterior vertebral body height was minimum at T1 (16.9 ± 1.34 mm) and maximum at T12 (27.14 ± 1.34mm). Posterior vertebral body height was minimum at T1 (18.8 ± 1.13 mm) and maximum at T12 (29.76 ± 1.43 mm).

Conclusion:  A detailed anatomy of the thoracic spine is essential for surgical planning to decrease postoperative complications.


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