Endoscopic Discectomy versus Microscopic Discectomy
Objective: A randomized control trial was conducted to compare the outcome of an endoscopic discectomy with microdiscectomy in lumbar spine disc disease.
Material and Methods: A randomized control trial was conducted at the Department of Neurosurgery, Punjab Institute of Neurosciences (PINS), Lahore. We included 80 patients of ages between 13 – 65 years, with low backache with radiation towards legs and prolapsed intervertebral disc at L5 – S1 and L4 – L5 levels on MRI were included in the study. Endoscopic/microscopic discectomy was done in a randomized manner under general anesthesia in a prone position with fluoro guidance. Postoperatively, all patients stayed in the recovery room for two hours for monitoring and then shifted to the ward. All patients followed-up-to one year clinically with the help of the Oswestry disability index (ODI).
Results: There were 37 female and 43 male patients in the ages between 13 – 65 years. The mean age of patients was 53.5 years. The 53 patients were having prolapsed disc at L5 S1 levels and 27 patients with disc prolapse at L4 – 5 levels. A good improvement was observed in visual analog scores after surgery in both endoscopic and microscopic discectomy groups. But endoscopic discectomy group required a lesser hospital stay, early mobilization, and lesser postoperative analgesia requirements than the microscopic group.
Conclusion: Endoscopic/microdiscectomy both are equally effective and safer techniques. They both can relief. However, the endoscopic discectomy was found better in terms of early mobilization and lesser postoperative pain.
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