A Study of Risk Factors of Stroke in Department of Neurology at GMC/DHQ Teaching Hospital Gujranwala
Objective: To evaluate pattern and risk factors of strokes admitted in the department of neurology GMC/DHQ teaching hospital Gujranwala. Materials and Methods: This study was conducted at GMC Gujranwala during January 2018. Results: During the month of January 2018 total number of admitted patients were 400. Out of these one hundred were of stroke. Males were 61, females were 39. Mean age was 57 years while the mean hospital stay was 6.2 days. Among these 100 cases, cerebral infarction were in 54 patients and hemorrhagic in 46 patients. We observed that most of cerebral infarction were in territory of middle cerebral artery, and intracerebral hemorrhages were mostly thalamic region followed putamen. It was further seen that hypertension was the most common risk factor in 56 patients, ischemic heart disease (IHD) 28, and diabetes in 10 patients. The mortality was 20% more in patients of hemorrhagic strokes. Glasgow coma scale was an important determinant of outcome of stroke. Conclusion: Our study concluded that Ischemic Strokes are slightly higher than Hemorrhages stroke. GCS is an important determinant in the outcome of stroke. 33% of intracerebral bleeds die shortly after admission.
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