Outcome of Endoscopic Third Ventriculostomy: An Experience of 80 Treated Patients

  • MUMTAZ ALI Prime Teaching Hospital and 2Irfan General Hospital, Peshawar
  • AKRAM ULLAH Prime Teaching Hospital and 2Irfan General Hospital, Peshawar
  • SAJID KHAN Prime Teaching Hospital and 2Irfan General Hospital, Peshawar
  • ZUBAIR BASHIR Prime Teaching Hospital and 2Irfan General Hospital, Peshawar
  • RAMZAN HUSSAIN Prime Teaching Hospital and 2Irfan General Hospital, Peshawar
Keywords: ETV (Endoscopic Third Ventriculostomy), communicating hydrocephalus, Posterior fossa tumors, Aqueductal stenosis

Abstract

Objective: To examine the outcome of Endoscopic Third Ventriculostomy in 80 consecutive patients operated in Irfan General Hospital and Prime Teaching Hospital Peshawar.
Materials and Methods: Prospective observational study was conducted in the neurosurgery department of Prime Teaching Hospital and Irfan General Hospital Peshawar. 80 patients (48 male and 32 female) were followed for 3 months. The inclusion criteria all patients with Third ventricular hydrocephalus were included in this study and the exclusion criteria unwilling patients and those who opted for VP shunting rather than ETV. Data was analyzed using SPSS version 22.
Results: ETV was performed in 80 patients. With highest success rate inAqueductal stenosis and posterior fossa tumors 88% and 87% respectively. ETV had a lowest success score of 50% in patients with Hydrocephalus TBM. Common post-operative complications were seizures and CSF leakage.
Conclusion: ETV is less invasive and effective treatment for non-communicating hydrocephalus.ETV is most effective in treating aqueductal stenosis and posterior fossa tumors. The overall success rate of ETV is 74%. Based on these findings, it is recommended that ETV should be attempted as first line treatment for patients with triventricular hydrocephalus due to various pathologies.

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Published
2019-12-28
Section
Original Article