Multimodality Treatment of Craniopharyngioma: Aspiration of Cystic Contents and Placement of Ommaya Reservoir Stereotactically Followed by Gamma Knife Radiosurgery – Single Center Study of 81 Cases

  • AURANGZEB KALHORO Neurospinal and Cancer Care Institute, Karachi Pakistan & Jinnah Medical Dental College
  • SANAM B. RAJPER Neurospinal and Cancer Care Institute, Karachi
  • ABID SALEEM
  • A. SATTAR M. HASHIM Neurospinal and Cancer Care Institute, Karachi –Pakistan
Keywords: Craniopharyngioma, Ommaya Reservoir, Stereotactic, Gama Knife Radiosurgery Surgery

Abstract

Objective:  The objective of this present study was to assess the accuracy, result, and safety measures of stereotactic biopsy. The study was conducted at the Neurospinal & Cancer Care Institute Karachi.

Material and Methods:  After the approval from the ethical hospital committee, the study was conducted on 34 patients, in which 9 (26.4%) were females, and 25 (73.5%) were males. 34 consecutive patients with biopsy inclusion deep seated lesion, mid line pathology, eloquent area and operated surgery, previous radiation treatment were excluded, and after that, the biopsy report based surgery or radiotherapy treatment was decided.

Result:  The biopsy underwent histopathological diagnosis proving Astrocytoma in 7 (20.5%) patients out of which four were in the Eloquent area, tuberculosis diagnosed in 5 (14.7%) patient, Oligodendroglioma diagnosed in 3 (8.8%) patients, metastasis in 5 (14.7%), Abscess in 4 (11.7%) patient which was aspirated to maximum and sent for culture, Malignant tumor (grade 3 & 4) 5 (14.7%), Lymphoma in 2 (5.8%) patient both were given radiation therapy Tumor necrosis 1 (2.9%) case,  and No tissue obtained in 2 (5.8%) which was repeated later. No major complication or side effects were observed in the patient.

Conclusion:  Stereotactic Framed biopsy is safe and accurate and can be used in deep seated lesions with high success rate, minimal complication and decrease surgical morbidity for patients, and it is comparable to updated methods

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Published
2020-07-14
Section
Original Article