Management and Outcome of Ruptured Anterior Circulation Cerebral Aneurysms – An Experience of Neurosurgery Department of Nawabshah
Objectives: To analyze the management and outcome of ruptured anterior cerebral circulation aneurysm by a variety of procedures including microsurgical clipping.
Material and Methods: A quasi-experimental study, carried out in The Department of Neurosurgery, Peoples’ Medical University Hospital Nawabshah from November 2010 to December 2020.We enrolled 38 patients and 40 aneurysms who presented with ruptured aneurysms. Hunt and Hess grading was used to evaluate the neurological status and ruptured aneurysms were managed by microsurgical clipping, excision, and suture ligation.
Results: Out of 38 patients Male were (23) 61% and females were (15) 39%, with a mean age of 50±25 years with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage and graded according to Hunt and Hess grade and fissure grading. Middle cerebral artery aneurysm was 45%, Anterior communicating artery 30%, Anterior Cerebral Artery 10%, carotid bifurcation 2.5%. Multiple aneurysms at internal carotid plus anterior communicating artery (n = 2) and internal carotid plus middle cerebral artery aneurysms n = 2. Distal anterior cerebral (n = 1). In 33 patients, the aneurysm was clipped, in 3 patients with fissure grading 4 and huge intracerebral bleed with signs of brain herniation, decompression plus aneurysm clipping was done, suture ligation (n = 1) and excision of a giant aneurysm (n = 3).
Conclusions: Microsurgical clipping is considered an ideal modality to secure a ruptured intracerebral aneurysm. Rarely it can be amendable by suture ligation, or excision. Presenting Hunt and Hess, fissure grading, age, and volume of intracerebral bleed have a direct impact on prognosis.
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