Clinical outcome and complication of anterior cranial Fossa meningiomas in tertiary care Hospital Peshawar
Keywords:Anterior cranial Fossa Meningioma, Bifrontal Craniotomy, Frontolateral craniotomy.
Objectives: We examined the surgical outcome and complications of anterior cranial Fossa meningiomas.
Materials and Methods: A prospective study was conducted at the Department of Neurosurgery Prime Teaching Hospital, Peshawar, KPK, Pakistan from June 2019 to June 2021. A total of 31 patients were selected through non-probability consecutive sampling. After clinical examination and radiological findings, the patients were diagnosed with anterior cranial Fossa meningiomas. Microsurgical Trans cranial approaches did. Clinical outcomes and complications were documented. Tumor anterior cranial fossa meningiomas. A low Karnofsky performance scale index was used to analyze the functional impairment of the patients.
Results: 9 (29.03%) were male and 22 (70.96%) patients were female. The mean age of presentation was 42 ± 5 years. Headache 25 (80.6%) and Visual loss were the main presenting symptoms 24 (77.5%), and Tuberculum sellae meningioma patients 08 (25.08%). The most common approach was Bifrontal craniotomy for OGM in 9 patients and two small OGM were operated on utilizing frontolateral craniotomy. The rest of the cases were operated through Pterional craniotomy. Tuberculamsalle meningiomas surgery results in a visual improvement in 6 patients (75%), Complete tumor resection was achieved in 22 (70.9%) patients and subtotal resection is achieved in 6 (19.3%) patients. In a few patients 03 (9.67%) only safe debulking and biopsy were taken. Postoperative hemorrhage was in 4 (12.9%) patients.
Conclusion: Transcranial approach for microsurgical resection of anterior cranial fossa meningiomas is an effective and feasible approach in terms of visual outcome and extent of resection.
Keywords: Anterior cranial Fossa Meningioma, Bifrontal Craniotomy, Front-lateral craniotomy.
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