Surgical Outcome of Traumatic Posterior Fossa Extradural Hematoma in Paediatric Population: Our Experience at UCHS, The Children’s Hospital, Lahore
Keywords:Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS),, Extradural Hematoma, Posterior Cranial Fossa, Occipital Fracture
Objective: Most common location for Extradural hematoma (EDH) is within the supratentorial region. The incidence of Posterior fossa extradural hematoma (PFEDH) is1.2% to 12.9% of all EDH. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the management, clinical outcomes, and epidemiological features of posterior fossa EDH.
Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted at the department of pediatric neurosurgery Children Hospital and the University of child health sciences, Lahore from September 2021 to December 2021. Thirty patients presented with posterior fossa extradural hematoma in the pediatric age group were included. A plain CT scan Brain with the bone window was done for initial diagnosis to assess any injury in the posterior fossa including volume of hematoma and any associated fracture. Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) was used to evaluate the outcome.
Results: Twenty-five patients were surgically treated, and five patients were managed conservatively. There was no mortality observed and the overall results were good in all the patients.
Conclusion: As compared to supratentorial extradural hematoma the Posterior fossa epidural hematoma is uncommon. For all suspected cases early and serial CT scans must be carried out. There was an excellent prognosis in pediatric patients who underwent surgical management.
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