Outcome & Complications of Decompressive Craniectomy with Expansion Duroplasty in Severe Head Injury
Keywords:Decompressive craniectomy, Traumatic head injury
Objective: A descriptive case series was conducted to find the frequency of complications and complications of decompressive craniectomy with expansion duraplasty in severe head injury.
Material and Methods: 189 patients fulfilling the selection criteria were included. All patients had TBI which was confirmed by CT scan. Surgery was performed on the day of admission under general anesthesia and a large trauma flap. Patients were monitored daily by evaluators from the date of surgery until hospital discharge or death. Patients were followed up for 3 months and the outcome was assessed using the Glasgow outcome scale (GOS).
Results: Mean age of the patients was 36.57 years. There were 61.4% (116) males and 38.6% (73) females. 3.7% had CSF leakage. 1.6% had meningitis. Wound infection was seen in 7.4% of patients. Forty percent had a favorable outcome and 60% had a poor outcome. Fifty patients out of 111 patients between 18 – 40 years showed good outcomes. Twenty-six out of 78 from the 41 – 60 years age group showed good outcomes. Out of 189 total, 76 patients had a good outcome. The outcome was good in 63 patients out of 148 patients with GCS 5 – 8, whereas 13 (out of 41) patients had a good outcome with GCS below 5.
Conclusion: We discovered that the result was good in 40% of patients, with 11 percent of complications recorded. Therefore, we concluded that decompressive craniectomy with expansion duraplasty is an effective procedure for the treatment of the severe head injury.
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