Incidence and Surgical Outcome of the Intracranial Epidermoid Cyst at Punjab Institute of Neurosciences Lahore, Pakistan
Keywords:Cranial Nerves, Epidermoid Cyst, Cerebellopontine Angle
Objectives: The incidence and microsurgical outcomes of intracranial epidermoid cysts in the Department of Neurosurgery III, Punjab Institute of Neurosciences (PINS), Lahore, Pakistan, are described in this case series.
Materials and Methods: This study was a data analysis of a case series of 15 patients (mean age, 40 years) of both gender with intracranial epidermoid cysts who had microsurgical surgical excision over five years.
Results: This study comprised 11 (73.3%) male and 4 (26.7%) female patients, 11 (73.3%) cases were infratentorial and 4 (26.7%) cases were in supratentorial region. The epidermoid was located in the CP angle in 11 (73.3%) patients, 3 (20%) in the midline supra sellar region, and 1 (6.66%) in the frontotemporal region. The presenting complaints were mainly headache in 11 (73.33%), cranial nerve palsy and cerebellar signs in 8 (53.3%) patients, Trigeminal neuralgia in 3 (20%) patients, Fits and hydrocephalus in 2 (13.3%) patients. There were 14 (93.3%) patients with GTR (gross total resection), 1 (6.6%) patients STR (subtotal resection). According to Karnofsky's performance scoring (KPS), 3 (20%) patients improved, 11 (73.3%) patients had the same KPS, and 1 (6.6%) patient had a lower KPS.
Conclusion: The epidermoid cysts in the brain are usually found in the infratentorial region rather than the supratentorial region. Infratentorial lesions typically cause cranial nerve deficits, whereas the supratentorial area symptom is a headache.
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