Impact of Bronchoscopic Lavage and Aggressive Chest Physiotherapy on Clinical Pulmonary Infection Score of Patients of Severe Traumatic Brain Injury
Keywords:Severe traumatic brain injury, Critical Pulmonary Infection Score, Brain contusion, Subdural Hematoma, Diffuse axonal injury
AbstractIntroduction: Traumatic brain injury patients present in the emergency room with a variable conscious status depending upon the severity of the injury. The process of aspiration starts from the scene of trauma as the patients with Traumatic brain injury and chest trauma have higher rates of aspiration pneumonia. Materials and Methods: We conducted a prospective study to assess the impact of bronchoscopy lavage and aggressive chest physiotherapy on the Critical Pulmonary Infection Score of Patients with Severe Traumatic Brain Injury in the Neurocritical Care Unit. Patients with severe traumatic brain injury who met the inclusion criteria were enrolled in the study. Patients of both genders, ages ranging from 05 – 70 years were included in the study. Results: 48 patients who met the inclusion criteria were enrolled in the study. 8 patients expired before 7 days and were excluded from the study. 88% were male and 12 % were females. Out of 40 patients, 30 were ventilated and 10 were managed without ventilation. Brain contusion was the most common CT scan finding. Out of 40 patients, 18 underwent surgical intervention, with decompressive hemicraniectomy being the most commonly performed procedure. Out of 40 patients, 32 patients underwent bronchoscopy. 8 patients out of 32 had more than two sessions of bronchoscopy. Conclusion: As Critical Pulmonary Infection Score is an important indicator for pneumonia in the neurocritical care unit, the importance of standardized chest care with the help of bronchoscopic lavage and chest physiotherapy in keeping the Critical Pulmonary Infection Score on the lower side can prevent patients from developing life-threatening pneumonia.
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