Predictors of Surgical Outcome Following Cerebral Contusion in Severe Head Injuries
Keywords:Cerebral Contusion, Decompression, Brain Injury, Traumatic Brain Injury, Loss of Consciousness, Counter Coup Injury
Objective: There are controversies regarding the management of Cerebral Contusion. The study sought to identify parameters influencing the surgical outcome of individuals suffering from a brain contusion.
Methods: A quasi-experimental study was conducted at the Department of Neurosurgery, Mayo Hospital Lahore, and 37 patients were included. The information on the mode/mechanism of injury, time of presentation, clinical presentation, and contusion type/location was collected. GCS (at 1st, 2nd and 6th weeks) and GOS were used for the neurological assessment of pre-operative and post-operative status.
Results: The average age of presentation was 42.57 years. There were 21.6% female and 78.4% male patients. 64.9% presented with road traffic accidents. 4% of patients presented to the hospital within 12 hours of injury, 16.2% between 12 to 24 hours, and 5.4% between 24 to 48 hours. 29% had seizures and upgoing plantar. 18% had hemiparesis or hemiplegia. Light reflex was absent in 40.5% of patients. The GCS kept improving postoperatively. GCS at admission was averaging 8 which improved to 10, 12, and 13 after surgery. The presenting mean GCS at 1st-week, 2nd-week, 6th-week, and mean GOS at 30th PAD. Counter coup injury improved to 15/15 right in 1st week. Mean GOS was 5 at 30th PAD. The most improvement was seen in the frontoparietal, temporoparietal, and fronto-temporo-parietal locations. The mean GOS at 30th PAD was 4.
Conclusion: The outcome following cerebral contusion depends upon the initial presenting GCS and GOS. Therefore, the better the presenting GCS and GOS better is the prognosis of the patient.
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