Intraoperative Computed Tomography Scanner-Guided Junctional Zone Spinal Surgery in Fluoroscopic Limitation Zone-An Early Experience
Keywords:Intraoperative CT scanner, Type 2 Odontoid Fracture, Junctional Zone Surgery
Objective: Confirmation of the level for surgery at the junctional zones of the spine is associated with unique difficulties. C-Arm has its limitations in these areas. The use of intraoperative CT scan with navigation greatly helps in the surgery at junctional zones. These junctional zones include the craniocervical junction, cervico-dorsal junction, and sacroiliac junction. In 2019, we installed an Airo Brain Lab 32-slice MDCT in our facility and researched to evaluate its advantages in junctional zone fluoroscopy-restricted spine operations.
Material and Methods: We performed 20 complex surgeries in all these 3 junctional zones with the use of an intraoperative computed tomography scanner. 3 patients had craniovertebral junction fixation under intra-op CT while 6 had lateral mass fixation. 3 patients had cervicodorsal junction fixation and 4 patients had lumbosacral fixation.
Results: 2 out of 3patients with cervicodorsal fixation had correction of screws trajectory after usage of intra-op CT and 1 patient with lumbosacral fixation. All patients were discharged home with neurology better or the same as compared to pre-op. status while 13 patients had a favorable outcome.
Conclusion: Intraoperative computed tomography scanner is opening new horizons for complex spinal surgeries.
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