Computed Tomography Findings of Traumatic Brain Injury and its Assessment in a Teaching Hospital


  • Ghazan Khan 1Department of Radiology, College of Medical Technology, Bacha Khan Medical College, Mardan
  • Mewat Shah Department of Neurosurgery, Gajju Khan Medical College, Swabi
  • Khurram Saleem Basic Health Unit, Chamkani, Peshawar
  • Yasmeen Department of Physiology, Frontier Medical and Dental College
  • Shifa A. Khan Medical Ward, Lady Reading Hospital, Peshawar, Pakistan
  • Muhammad Rizwan Department of Neurosurgery, Lady Reading Hospital, Peshawar



The objective of the study was to evaluate the frequency and findings of traumatic brain injury on computed tomography in Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital, Mardan Medical Complex.

Materials & Methods:  A prospective cross-sectional study from March 2023 to February 2024 was done in Mardan Medical Complex (MMC), Mardan. Non-probability convenience sampling technique was used with a sample size of 680. Data collection was done from the Radiology and Emergency departments with consent taken. Data descriptive statistical analysis was done through SPSS version 22.

Results:  A total of 680 patients were scanned including 471(69.26%) males and 209(30.74%) females. The frequency (389) (57.20%) of traumatic brain injury was high in age group 1-19 and least (60) (8.82%) in age group >60. CT brain scan findings revealed 397(58.39%) normal and 283(41.62%) abnormal patients. In abnormal patients, the most common findings on CT were intra-axial hemorrhage 117(41.36%). The most common mode of injury was RTA 326(47.94%) followed by HOF 212(31.18%).

Conclusion:  The study showed that in traumatic brain injury, the majority of the subjects were male as compared to female and the most common mode of injury was road traffic accidents followed by falls from height. The findings of intra-axial hemorrhage were the highest in all traumatic brain injuries


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